Whistleblowing: Harnessing outrage for the greater good
Tim Parkman, Managing Director, Lessons Learned Ltd
If you’re about to press the button on the launch of your new whistleblowing policy (large UK financial institutions, take note), then your troubles are just about to start. You may have your ‘whistleblowing champion’ in place, you may have installed your hotline, amended your settlement agreements and put all the other necessary arrangements in place. But, as ever, the acid test of your new and improved policy will be, er, whether people actually use it to make disclosures. And in this regard, I can tell you, they’re going to take some persuading.
As the grizzled veteran of a number of optimistically entitled ‘whistleblowing engagement programmes’, I know first-hand how hard it can be to get people to even take you seriously, let alone decide that they’re actually going to risk it all by spilling the beans on Ken in Markets, Suzanne in Finance or – horror of horrors – Gavin the CEO. Deep down, psychologically, at the level of the central nervous system, most people know or suspect that becoming a whistleblower is going to take them to some scary places. After all, it usually means moving, voluntarily, from a position deep in the heart of the herd, surrounded by the comforting hides of all the other people who haven’t noticed a thing, right over to its most extreme and vulnerable edges. And with predators circling as night falls, the truth is that’s one journey that most people aren’t going to want to make, particularly relatively happy, comfortable and successful ones.
The question is: How then do you motivate uncertain people who have everything to live for (and consequently everything to lose) to take their working lives in their hands and blow the whistle? Back in the day, when I was myself on the other end of the phone to whistleblowers from time to time, I learned to recognize something in some of them which I came to treat as a good sign; and it was, quite simply, outrage – the feeling people get when they’ve decided they’re no longer prepared to put up with whatever abuse it is that they’ve become aware of. That’s not to say that the disillusioned and the disappointed can’t ever provide you with useful information. They can. But the genuinely outraged, unburdened by more complex motives, will often be the people who possess the courage and determination to take it all the way. And one way of putting people in touch with their angry side and increasing both the quantity and the quality of reports is to remind them from time to time of how of how rule-breakers think.
So often, in the minds of people engaged in some kind of illegal behaviour, whether it’s a corrupt official in a government department accepting bribes into their offshore bank account, or a powerful corporate manager lining their own pockets, there’s a four stage thought process that goes something like this:
No.1 No-one will notice (“they’re too busy”)
No. 2 If it is noticed, it won’t get reported (“they’re too scared”)
No. 3 If it’s reported, it won’t be investigated (“the politics are too awkward”); and
No. 4 If it’s investigated, someone will protect me (“I’m indispensable and I know too much”)
And what you say to people is this. That whereas it’s true that at most pay grades there’s nothing you can really do about numbers 3 and 4, nevertheless 1 and 2 lie well within your range of action as an employee of the organization. Control your controllables. And you don’t have to be a governance expert to realize that if people use the whistleblowing system to deal with 1 and 2, consistently and in good faith – anonymously if they prefer – then that starts to create real pressure further up the line for those responsible for dealing with 3 and 4. To the extent, actually, that it becomes untenable for the top management of an organization to handle matters in that way.
Whistleblowing will always remain deeply counter-intuitive to many people. But we also know that it’s by far the most effective way of exposing wrongdoing within organizations – three times more effective than the next best detective control. One of the messages to your staff should be a simple one. Some of this stuff is so bad that you’re right to be outraged. Someone should call it out – why not you?
Lessons Learned Ltd
Lessons Learned designs and delivers persuasive, thought-provoking whistleblowing communication and training programmes. Contact Sally Sidaway on firstname.lastname@example.org / +44 (0)845 1567) to make an enquiry.